About Pectus Excavatum
What is Pectus Excavatum?
Pectus Excavatum for a Fuller Life
Physical deformity can be challenging in life with a person not being able to live a full life without having a healthy body. For people who suffer from pectus excavatum, life can bring a lot of challenges and hardships.
What is Pectus Excavatum?
Pectus excavatum is a chest wall deformity due to sunken breastbone in a person. Also, referred as funnel chest, cobbler's chest and the crevasse, it is one of common congenital deformity for chest wall of a person.
The deformity gives a sunken appearance to a person chest. The physical condition can also have respiratory and cardiac impairments of the patient suffering from the condition.
The sternum’s sunken appearance is a way of knowing if a person is suffering from pectus excavatum.
The root cause of the surgery is unknown with many people having the deformity since childhood. One of the main causes of pectus excavatum is considered to be rapid expansion of rib in compassion to the heart of the individual.
Except for rare cases, the condition is not associated with any restriction in routine activities. Although, it might affect a patient’s heart capability to pump effectively while doing strenuous exercises. Some of the symptoms for a person suffering from pectus excavatum are:
- Physical activity: A patient might suffer from not being able to participate in physical activities.
- Pain: A patient suffering from pectus excavatum experiences pain, although in most of the cases the symptoms are not severe.
- Physical appearance: A hallowed chest appearance causes a person displeasure regarding the way they look.
There are two types of surgical procedures that are available for correcting the physical deformity:
- Ravitch technique: In the procedure, a vertical incision is done to remove the anterior cartilage from the chest. Once, the vertical incision is done, two stainless steel struts are positioned across the anterior chest to provide support to the breastbone, which are wired to the suitable breastbone on each side.This provides support to the breastbone, giving it the proper angle to be elevated. The struts are taken out after a period of 6 months. The procedure taken about 4 to 6 hours to be completed.
- Nuss procedure: The procedure is considered to be less invasive than Ravitch technique. The technique involves placing concave steel bars under the sternum into the chest. Once, the bar is placed, its positions is changed for a convex position in order to sternum to be pushed forward. The bars are placed in the body for two to five years. Once, the bones have formed and made a solid shape, they are removed by outpatient surgery.
Who is the best candidate?
People with chest wall deformity can opt for Ravitch technique or Nuss procedure.
Some of the side-effects that a patient may experience after the procedure are: • Bar displacement • Infection • Pleural effusion • Pneumothorax • Bleeding
What is the Cost?
The approximate cost of the procedure ranges from $ 10,000 to $ 40,000.