About Eye Exam
What is Eye Exam?
What is an Eye exam?
Routine eye exam is essential both for children as well as adults to maintain healthy vision. Depending on the age, risk factors for eye diseases, and whether you wear corrective eye lens, you must have a complete eye exam once every one to three years.
What is an eye exam?
An eye exam comprises of a series of tests conducted to evaluate your vision and to check for eye diseases. Each test evaluates a different aspect of vision and eye health. During the eye exam, several different tests are performed to examine the appearance and performance of the various parts of the eyes.
The following tests are commonly performed during the eye exam
Visual acuity test-it tests how clearly you are able to see
Refraction assessment-refraction assessment enables your eye doctor to prescribe you lenses so that you can enjoy sharp and clear vision
Visual field test-it helps determine whether you have difficulty seeing in any areas of your overall field of vision
Colour vision testing-this test is done to screen your vision for colour deficiency.
Retinal examination-it allows your doctor to evaluate the back of your eye, including your retina, optic disk and the underlying layer of blood vessels that nourish the retina.
Slit lamp examination-it is done to examine the eyelids, lashes, cornea, iris, lens and fluid chamber between your cornea and iris
Screening for glaucoma-eye pressure management test is done to measure intra ocular pressure-the fluid pressure inside the eyes. It helps in detecting the signs of glaucoma-a disease that damages the optic nerve.
There are some specialised eye tests that are done if patients have any signs and symptoms
of eye disease or if they are experiencing any vision problems.
Who is the best candidate?
Most eye care experts recommend that everyone should get the complete eye exam once in every one to three years, depending on their age, risk factors and whether you wear corrective eye lenses. Children should have their first eye exam at the age of 6 months, then at 3 years and another when they go to school. Children should get their eyes examined every 2 years until the age of 18. Children who have history of premature birth, and family history of eye disease, high refractive error, or other physical illness or disease may need the eye exam more frequently. Adults between the age 18 and 60 must get complete eye exam every two years. Those who have a family history of eye disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, previous eye injury or eye surgery or those who are into visually demanding occupation should get more frequent eye exams.
Routine eye exam helps check any underlying eye disease and infection and allows eye doctors to offer you the best treatment to correct the problem. In the absence of timely diagnosis, the symptoms can grow worse and it may become difficult to treat the problem. It may happen that your vision may get impaired permanently. It is therefore advisable to look for a qualified and experienced ophthalmologists or optometrists to get your eyes examined.
What is the Cost?
The cost of eye exam may depending on where you get the exam, whether the exam is performed by an optometrist or an ophthalmologist, the type of tests that are included in the exam, and whether the exam includes a contact lens fitting or not. Usually, eye exams cost between $50 and $100. Eye exams for eyeglass prescription may cost you more. Visit your eye specialist to get the exact cost of the eye exam.